Reserves, Production, Export, Key Players. How Kazakhstan feels on the world gas market.
Natural gas production in Kazakhstan in the first quarter of 2019 reached 14.6 bln cubic meters (+3.6% compared to the same period last year), of which natural gas in the gaseous state amounted to 5.9 bln cubic meters.
According to the results of the two winter months of this year, 44.3% of natural gas production in liquid and gaseous state accounted for Atyrau region (4.3 bln cubic meters; +13.3% for the year), 35.3% for West Kazakhstan region (3.4 bln cubic meters; -1.7% for the year), 12.1% for Aktobe region (1.2 bln cubic meters; +6% for the year). At the same time, the main production of natural gas in its natural state (88.2% of the national production) fell on WKR: 3.4 bln cubic meters (-0.5% per year).
Let us recall major oil and gas fields: in Atyrau region – Tengiz (developed by Tengizchevroil JV, 20% owned by KazMunayGas) and Kashagan (operator is North Caspian Operating Company consortium, which includes KazMunayGas with a share of 16,877%). In WKR there is the largest oil and gas condensate field in Kazakhstan – Karachaganak (developer is Karachaganak Petroleum Operating B. V. consortium, the share of KazMunayGas JSC is 10%). In Aktobe region, a large gas condensate field – Zhanazhol (Kazakh-Chinese joint venture SNPS-Aktobemunaigas JSC).
The main operator of gas production is the national company KazMunayGas. According to the company, KMG produces 28% of the total oil and gas condensate production in Kazakhstan and 16% of natural and associated gas, as well as provides 95% of natural gas transportation through gas pipelines. The national operator in the field of gas transportation and gas supply is KazTransGas JSC, a subsidiary of KazMunayGas JSC.
KazTransGas JSC manages centralized infrastructure for transportation of commercial gas through main gas pipelines and gas distribution networks, provides international transit and sells gas on the domestic and foreign markets, develops, finances, builds and operates pipelines and gas storage facilities. The construction of the Saryarka main gas pipeline was launched last year, feasibility study for which was developed by KazTransGas JSC. The implementation of this project will enable gasification of the capital of the country — Nur-Sultan, as well as the Central and Northern regions of the country. At the first stage of construction, houses of about 740 thous. Kazakhstanis will be gasified. The project is implemented by the parent company, NC KazMunayGas, through another subsidiary: AstanaGas - KMG In general, KazTransGas JSC represents the interests of the state both on the domestic and foreign gas market.
According to OPEC estimates* USA is the world leader in natural gas production in 2017: 762.3 bln cubic meters (with a share of 20.4% of world gas production); Russia is in second place: 649.6 bln cubic meters (with a share of 17.4%); the third – Iran: 238 bln cubic meters (with a share of 6.4%). The share of OPEC countries was 21.3%, the share of OECD countries – 36.4%.
Kazakhstan was in the TOP 30 countries for gas production, holding 30th place: 22 bln cubic meters (with a share of 0.6%).
The assessment of the multinational oil and gas company British Petroleum is slightly different.** Thus, according to BP, the world leader in natural gas production – the US – produced 734.5 bln cubic meters in 2017 (share – 20% of world production); next in the list – Russia: 635.6 bln cubic meters (with a share of 17.3%). Iran closed the top three with production of 223.9 bln cubic meters (with a share of 6.1%). The share of OECD countries accounted for 35.7%, the share of non-OECD countries – 64.3%. The share of the European Union countries was 3.2% of the world's natural gas production.
Kazakhstan was in the TOP 30 countries, taking, according to the report, 29th place: 27.1 bln cubic meters (with a share of 0.7%).
According to the statistics of the Committee of the Ministry of the National Economy of Kazakhstan, the production of natural gas in the liquid and gaseous state amounted to 52.9 bln cubic meters in 2017, of which natural gas in a gaseous state – 22.9 bln cubic meters (commodity output – 12.9 bln cubic meters).
* data published in the OPEC Annual Statistical Bulletin 2018
** data published in BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2018